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living wills living wills living wills living wills living
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living wills living wills living wills living wills
Living wills (advance directives) and values histories help medical
staff and others to make decisions about your care and treatment should
you become seriously ill and unable to speak for yourself. In some circumstances,
living wills may become legally binding on health care staff. The Living
Will and Values History Project was set up in response to an alarming growth
and proliferation of living will documents that bore little correlation
to academic and empirical data on their usefulness or effectiveness. It
works on a non-profit basis and attempts to collate, analyse and apply
research in this area, acting as an adviser and resource base, as well
as publishing its own document.
Effective documents are not suited to reproduction via the Internet as
layout and paper quality are easily lost, but our document may be downloaded
free using (free) Adobe Acrobat software. A recommended Values
History document may also be downloaded if required. A full pack, containing
the various full documents and accessories, may be ordered by snailmail
at a nominal charge to cover costs.
Recommended documents & quick guide
VESS webpage links on living wills and values histories
from mainstream academic journals
A recommended reading list for the serious student.
to the House of Lords Select Committee
Contains a brief examination of various living will documents in the
UK and abroad.
The values history.
This form may be printed or downloaded for study and personal use,
or an original obtained in the VESS living will pack.
Technical note:This example is a "dialogue-based"
type of values history. Other styles of values histories include "scenario-based"
and "story-based" documents. For further information, refer to
documents in the academic journals link,
searching for "values history" with your browser's find
facility. For an analytic overview, see the author's academic analysis,
A short living
This page will provide a basic idea of a "living will", fulfilling
the basic requirements suggested by the British Medical Association. It
does not include many of the advantages developed by the Project (whose
mailorder form, available in the VESS living will pack, differs considerably
from this document).
EXIT Homepage links on living wills
wills short intro
Academic analysis by the present author (included
VESS Living Will Packs
of the name "Living Will"
Other useful links on living wills
Choice in Dying homepage
U.S. organisation that keeps track of legal aspects of living wills
in the States. Individual living will documents can be downloaded appropriate
to the statutes of any particlar State. They are in Acrobat format, which
provide quality formatting although there is some download time. (There
are instructions for obtaining the Acrobat plug-in for users that don't
already have it.) There is also an excellent legislative updates page.
Your Health Care Future - An excellent general introduction.
reading - an online guide by Jack Freer MD.
Self-Determination Act (US Legislation)
A DeathNET archive - probably from Medline
Medicare and Advance
Directives - Brochure
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Care Decisionmaking and Declarations in New York - Historical Legal Basis
in the UK - cursory overview
Pro-life statement (by
Right to Life of Michigan)
Electronic Living Will and Formalities of Execution
A third year law student's paper on electronic technology and living
analysis of the Halachic living will/Durable Power of Attorney
for Traditional Judaism Offer on Living Wills
Guide on Living WIlls (U.S.)
Lawyers Fight Over Living Will; Woman Dies Waiting Court Decision
- discussions on health care, including advance directives
New York's Health
Care Proxy Law
New York Family
Health Care Decisions Act - Q & A
factsheets on living wills
Advance Directives for Health Care
Care Advance Directives Form Sources (U.S.)
State Health Decisions
Mostly on advance directives - By Charles Sabatino
comment on Singapore Living Will Law
Some benefits of a living
Page by the Institute of Certified Financial Planners
Directives & DNR orders
(Generalised U.S. intro)
Study Shows Evidence
of Need for Living Wills
Report on a Gerontologist study
Trends in Health
Decisions Legislation relevant to the PSDA
Well-informed U.S. update - from the American Bar Association
neutrality & patient autonomy in advance directive decisions
Peppin, John F, Issues in Law & Medicine, Summer 1995 11 n1
Directives in the United Kingdom
Kessel, R, Hastings Center Report, July-August 1995 v25 n4
doctors get advance-directive guidance
directives for elderly people: worthwhile cause or wasted effort?
Phillips M, Sansone P, Social Work, May 1995 v40 n3
More living will
Copyright © 1996 Chris Docker,
Director, Living Will and Values History Project.
You are the person to browse
through here since 16 Jan 1996 using the above URL.