Index and Glossary
[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]
The Index also acts as a Glossary and set of links for information that cannot be included in the main pages. Search for information by using the appropriate letter, or use the
"Find" button, typing in a keyword. Suggestions for inclusion or amendment are welcome. Please email me if you come across any glitches or links that don't work properly.
A warning on definitions: Definitions reflect what we understand by a word or phrase - it should not be the other way round! Definitions are tools to further understanding, at best.
- Achievements (Exit/Exit)
- Active euthanasia.
- Actively accelerating a good death by use of drugs etc, whether by oneself or with the aid of a doctor.
- Advance directive
- Document enabling you to express your wishes with respect to conditions where no treatment is desired in the event of becoming incapacitated. In many places, "advance directive" is used synonymously with "living will". In parts of America, "advance directive" is used to include 2 types of document: a
"living will" instruction to the health care team, and a "Durable Power Of Attorney for Health
Care" (proxy directive) document instructing a third party to refuse treatment on behalf of the donor. The British Medical Association also uses the term
- For fuller information see the Living Will & Values History Project page, or the links on this page under living will.
- Portals Directory
- AIDS and Assisted Suicide by Russell Ogden
- Book review
- AIDS and Euthanasia
- Aims (of Exit)
- Alert card
- A small card that alerts people to the fact that you have made a living will and where it can be found. Credit card sized for carrying in a wallet or handbag. Available in the Exit living will pack.
- - a non-too-serious newsgroup (thankfully) that discusses ways of killing yourself. Occasionally entertaining if you like black humour, but its suggestions often look unreliable. Exit doesn't comment in the newsgroup or offer one-to-one advice on suicide.
- Announcements relating to Exit or Scotland
- The Appleton Consensus on Withholding or Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment
- Arguments for & Against Euthanasia (Southern Illinois Univeristy)
Arts - euthanasia in Cinema & Literature
- Assisted suicide
- Assisting another person to end his or her life at that
person's express wish. The legal definition of what
constitutes "assisting" varies from country to
country. See also: euthanasia.
- Attention stickers
- Adhesive labels for a person's medical records to
indicate the inclusion of an advance declaration or
living will. Included in the Exit living will pack.
Euthanasia Society of Victoria Inc.
- Northern Territory
Rights of the Terminally Ill Bill
attitudes and practices (H Kuhse and P Singer)
Policy Assessment Society Inc. Position Paper
- Auto-deliverance, auto-euthanasia. Ending one's life
without any direct assistance; rational suicide.
- Bastable, Austin
- Canadian suffering from chronic multiple sclerosis who
launched a massive Internet appeal to legalise Assisted
organisation's "Save Austin Bastable" campaign
time news interview
- Beloff, John
- Best Interests
- Beyond Final Exit
- Bland, Anthony
- Bibliography (Exit)
- (listserv) automatic
mailing list on biomedical issues
- Books available from Exit
- Mrs Boyes - patient of Dr Cox
- Brady, James/Paul
- Brain death
International Symposium on Brain Death, 1992
- Declares support for living wills
- Declares support for living wills
- British Medical Journal
letters on euthanasia
- British Social Attitudes
(statistics and article)
Button bar - explanation of symbols
on Exit Web pages
Reid opinion poll
- Carrying wallet
- Supplied in the Exit Living Will Pack for carrying the
document on one's person.
- laws and court cases
- case histories
for Bioethics & Public Policy ("pro-life"):
Euthanasia - The Future Agenda
& Grief (tri-lingual)
- See also: Talking
With Children About Death
(can be ordered by Internet)
- Choice in Dying
- Church of
- - a rather extreme group, not part of the World
Federation of Right to Die Societies or sharing many of
their principles. They advocate euthansia, reducing
population by voluntarily by committing suicide and
sodomy. Claim to be inspired by an alien intelligence.
Their motto is "Save the Planet - Kill
- Collected Living Wills
- This is now out of print. I produced it as there was no
extant volume showing examples of living wills from
various countries - a considerable handicap to
researchers (including myself). Writing to various
organisations takes an awfully long time. A main reason
it hasn't been reprinted is because the documents readily
become out-of-date as examples of what is produced by
various organisations. Another reason is that the
obsession with pieces of paper hasn't (in my opinion)
greatly furthered patient autonomy. A living will is only
as good as the communication process of which it should
be a part. This doesn't mean a lot can't be done to
improve existing documents, just that we need to be
asking more basic questions. (If you want to hear me go
on at length about this, with the various pieces of
supporting evidence, you can seek out Dartmouth's Contemporary Issues in Law, Medicine and
Ethics and my contributing chapter on living wills.)
- Compassion In Dying
- American-based right to die society that has made several
court challenges on the constitutionality of laws against
assisted suicide with varying degrees of success. The
most recent, by the 9th CIrcuit Court of Appeal, upheld
the decision that Washington's law against doctors
assisting in a suicide, by prescribing lethal drugs, was
- Confessions of a Surgeon
- Conroy, Claire
- Constitution (Exit)
- Contents of Exit Web Pages
- Continuing Powers of Attorney
- Contributors' Circular
- Cremation Society
- includes US state-by-state guide, Canada, and cremation
- Cruzan, Nancy
case: Opinion (Rehnquist)
case: Concur (O'Connor)
case: Concur (Scalia)
case: Dissent (Brennan, Marshall, Blackmun)
case: Dissent (Stevens)
- Dawson, Lord
happens after death? - biological process.
- Death, Dying and the Law - Symposium
- published version
- Award-winning documentary featuring the administration of
- The largest website anywhere on death and dying related
information. Founded by two former journalists, John
Hofsess of The Right to Die Society of Canada) with the
help of Derek Humphry of ERGO. There are several links
from these pages to DeathNET, but if you want to go to
end you can browse your own way through.
- WWW Discussion group moderated by John Hofsess of the
Right to Die Society of Canada.
- The computer software by Dr Nitschke which he developed
for euthanasia under the RIghts of the Terminally Ill Act
of Northern Territory, Australia.
- One of the few countries that has legislation on living
wills. Although a national registry was established there
is, however, evidence to suggest that it is barely used
- Departing Drugs.
- Title of the research project, and subsequently published
booklet, of the International Drugs Consensus Working
Party that examined self- deliverance drugs. (The booklet
was published in the UK in 1993 under the title
Supplement to How to Die With Dignity). The story of the
research in this area can be found in Chapter One of
Beyond Final Exit
group on the Web (ethics of euthanasia)
- Moderated by Maurice Bernstein of the University of
Southern California (not very busy last time I looked)
- Docker, Chris
- Yours truly. As Director, I run Exit (my
"full-time" job - about 60 hrs a week) , I
teach occasionally at undergraduate and postgraduate
level, run The Living Will and Values
History Project, and produce Exit
Newsletter and DIDMSNJ. If
you want to read more of my bad habits, you can pick up
an old article A week in the life
of the Executive Secretary. Apart from this site,
published works include Departing Drugs
(principle author)Beyond Final Exit
(co-author), Collected Living Wills (editor), Advance Directives/Living Wills, in:
Contemporary Issues, and The Way
Forward? in: Death, Dying & the Law.
- My resume Interview
- Donnison, David
- Double effect
- When drugs are administered to relieve pain but have the
secondary effect of shortening life.
- Durable Power of Attorney
- A formal way of empowering another person to represent
you legally even if you later become incapacitated.
Durable Power of Attorney cannot be used in enforcing a
living will in the UK. See also Continuing Powers of
- Dying In Dignity Mensa Special
- Supports both pro-choice (v.e.) and pro-life viewpoints.
With Dignity (Canada)
- efn.org listserv
- A listserv (automatic mailing) provided by the American
organisation ERGO (stands for Euthanasia Research and
Guidance Organisation - run by Derek Humphry).
Book of the Dead
of Life Resources
on the WWW
- For further links to some of the most interesting ethics
sites, see the Ethics section of our Useful Other Links page.
Update - a page of links on euthanasia and ethics.
- We note with profound misgivings that word
"ethics" is frequently misused on the Web. For
a better understanding, we suggest you consult one of the
primers in our bibliography.
Beginners should note that there are at least three
distinct and separate meanings of "Ethics" -
please try to avoid using the word to give some sort of
moral weight to your beliefs.
- The generally understood meaning is rather more than the
dictionary definition of dying well - a good and easy
death. We generally mean when a doctor induces the death,
for instance with a lethal injection, of a patient who is
suffering unrelievably and has persistently requested the
doctor to do so. We don't generally include irrational or
emotional suicides or the forced killing of another
person, although the term was hijacked by Nazi Germany to
mean a form of forced killing, which is a very different
idea. In the Netherlands, the definitions in use for
euthanasia and assisted suicide are defined by the State
Commission on Euthanasia: Euthanasia is the intentional
termination of life by somebody other than the person
concerned at his or her request. Assisted suicide means
intentionally helping a patient to terminate his or her
life at his or her request. See also: Netherlands.
by the Ontario Centre for Religious Tolerance
philospohical debate - pros and cons of euthanasia (R
Lane / R Dunstan)
- Adjective) that which can facilitate euthanasia; (noun) a
drug suitable for euthanasia.
- Originally Scottish Exit (since
changed its name to Scottish
Voluntary Euthanasia Society) is famous for
publishing the first book on self-deliverance in the
- Exit Newsletter
- FastAccess Page -
explanation of categories
- Flew, Prof Antony
Right to Death
- Five Last Acts
- The comprehensive self-deliverance book from Exit. Details use of helium, drugs, compression, plastic bags, and voluntary refusal of food and liquids. Probably more comprehensive than any other source currently available worldwide.
- French language documents
- The Official Brochure of the World Federation of Right to
Die Societies has a section in French which may be viewed
de Reflexion sur les Testements de Vie en Nouvelle-Ecosse
myths - a quiz
UK - A Quiet Place
- George V, King
Germany. Euthanasia is a very controversial topic in
Germany and difficult to speak about. Prominent academics
have sometimes been refused a platform when it was known
they would speak about euthanasia. The German society has
also been through its fair share of problems. Charges
were brought against the long-time President Hans
H. Atrott. The German style of "living
will" draws heavily on the existing laws to try
to get its message across.
- Guide to Self-Deliverance.
- Early manual detailing methods of self-deliverance
published by Exit in 1980/81, but withdrawn after
- Haggart, Rt Revd Bishop Alastair
- Hainsworth, David. Scottish
attempted mercy killing case.
- Health Care Proxy
- Person appointed to look after your affairs in the event
that you are unable to do so. In the UK, health care
proxies can administer finances etc, but are not allowed
to enforce living wills.
- Hippocrates - Oath of
versions and other Oaths (Geneva etc)
- Hofsess, John.
- Canadian who produces the award-winning DeathNET
- Homepages of Right to Die Societies
- Originally an experimental group of hospitals,
religious-orientated, set up to research methods of pain
control and transmit their findings to ordinary
hospitals. Now largely involved in giving a high standard
of palliative care to a small proportion of dying people.
of Lords Select Committee
- How to Die With Dignity.
- Early manual published by Exit and detailing methods of
self-deliverance. The first book of its kind anywhere in
- Humphry, Derek
- Reporter who entered the right-to-die movement and
contributed to its early development in the United
States. Currently associated with "ERGO" and
manages the efn.org listserv.
Association for the Study of Pain
- International Drugs Consensus Working Party
- International, multidisplinary group, that peer-reviewed
and finalised Departing Drugs.
- Irish Supreme Court
- Involuntary euthanasia
- Euthanasia without asking that person's consent. Used to
mean mercy killing or else (wrongly) murder (as in the
type of "euthanasia" practised by the Nazis.)
view on euthanasia
- A Bill that will Allow People to Die With Dignity
See also: Jewish...
- Jenkins, Lord
- Johnstone, Janet
- Journal (Exit Newsletter)
- Kevorkian, Jack
- Lost his medical licence for openly practicing assisted
suicide with his invention the Mercitron which allowed a
patient to activate a intravenous drip containing lethal
drugs. Continued to defy the law, using carbon monoxide
instead of drugs, which were unavailable to him once his
licence was revoked. Has been brought before the courts
many times in Michigan (where he is regarded as a local
hero) but no court has yet returned a conviction, even
though Michigan passed an emergency law specifically
aimed at preventing him from assisting in further
suicides. He has recently (1995) formed a coalition group
with other doctors to press for legal reform.
helped to die by Jack Kevorkian
Suicide in Michigan - review of legal position by
Right to Life of Michigan
of events in Michigan (by Right to Life of Michigan)
Medical Association response
account of assistance in suicide given to Hugh Gale
Free press - Special Section
Modern Inquisition - Jack Kevorkian talks back
- King George V
- Kluge, Eike-Henner
- Ethicist at Victoria, Canada who has written extensively
on voluntary euthanasia. Past Director of Ethics &
legal Affairs for the Canadian Medical Association.
for law reform on death and dying (112K)
- Kuhse, Helga
- Ethicist at Monash, Australia who has written extensively
on voluntary euthanasia and has been a past president of
the World Federation of Right to Die Societies.
- Links to some important
sites. For "right to die" case law, consult our
Death & Dying links.
- Law Commission (England)
- on living wills
- Legislation - draft UK Bill
Net Euthanasia Roundtable
- Pro-life website
- Lindsell, Annie Motor
neurone disease sufferer
- Little, Sheila
- Founder of Scottish Exit (later the Voluntary Euthanasia
Society of Scotland)
- Automated, free mailing lists. Contributions from
subscribers is sent to the email addresses of all other
subscribers. The two listservs principally of interest to
readers of this website are efn.org and biomed-l.
- Living will
- Document enabling you to express your wishes with respect
to conditions where no treatment is desired in the event
of becoming incapacitated. See also: values
- Sample of simple living will document.
(This example encompasses the minimum requirements
recommended by the British medical Association. For a
more comprehensive document and short introduction, see
Exit Living Will Packs
Your Health Care Future - An excellent introduction.
reading - an online guide by Jack Freer MD.
Self-Determination Act (US Legislation)
- Quotes and references from
mainstream journals - our extensive online database of
and Advance Directives - Brochure
Care Decisionmaking and Declarations in New York -
Historical Legal Basis
in the UK - cursory overview
statement (by Right to Life of Michigan)
Scotia Discussion Paper
- Make Your Mind Up While You Have
One R.Downie paper to the BMA 1995
- ...And End of Life Decisions -
C.Hite - review of empirical evidence
- Present author's analysis in...
- Living Will and Values History
- Malette, Georgette
- McLean, Sheila
- A leading research director into the feasibility of
physician assisted suicide. International Bar Association
Professor of Law and Ethics in Medicine at Glasgow
University. Probably the leading authority on medical law
and ethics in Europe, but widely respected
internationally for her analytical approach to law and
- Book review: A
Patient's Right to Know"
- Conference excerpt: Death,
Dying and the Law
- Current books (editor) 1
- Research on physician assisted
suicide Order form
- Article: How Should We Decide?
- Medical Decisions at the End of Life (Dutch terminology).
16 (Oregon law)
- Cavalier Daily
- Some important and useful
- Membership of Exit
- Mensa Special Interest Group on
Dying In Dignity
- Mental Health
Resources on the Net - Dr Grohol
- Mercy killing.
- Ending another person's suffering by ending his or her
life. Different from voluntary euthanasia (where the
dying person has been able to clearly state his or her
- Michigan - See: Kevorkian
- Millard, Dr
- Moynihan, Lord
- Name of the Scottish v.e. Society
- We were originally the Scottish branch of Exit. We broke
away and became Scottish Exit,a separate Society, in
1980. We later changed the name to The Voluntary
Euthanasia Society of Scotland which seemed a less harsh
title. In 1995 we decided to adopt the name Scottish
Voluntary Euthanasia Society to emphasise the Scottish
origins of our work and avoid confusion with the London
based Voluntary Euthanasia Society or being thought of as
a branch. We retain the acronym Exit and the name
Voluntary Euthanasia Society of Scotland
constitutionally, but put the Scottish element at the
front for all publicity purposes. The London-based
society is a more strongly campaigning organisation than
Exit. we have a much smaller budget and concentrate more
on research and liaison. Although entirely separate and
sometimes holding different views, the two organisations
are able to cooperate on a great number of projects,
including political campaigns. For an example of a joint
web page, see: Labour
- The only country in the world where euthanasia is openly
practiced. It is not allowed by statute, but the law
accepts a standard defence from doctors that have adhered
to official guidelines. These hinge on voluntariness of
the request and unrelievable-ness of the suffering. In
practice, citizens of other countries are not eligible
for euthanasia in the Netherlands. UK residents: you can
get a free factsheet on The Termination of Life by a
Doctor in the Netherlands by writing to the Press &
Cultural Section of the Royal Netherlands Embassy in
London (Tel 0171-584-5040 ext.413).
It says: Euthanasia is popularly taken to mean any form
of termination of life by a doctor. The definition under
Dutch law, however, is narrower. It means the termination
of life by a doctor at the express wish of a patient. The
request to the doctor must be voluntary, explicit and
carefully considered and it must have been made
repeatedly. Moreover, the patient's suffering must be
unbearable and without any prospect of improvement. Pain
relief administered by a doctor may shorten a patient's
life. As is the case in other countries, this is seen as
a normal medical decision in terminal care and not as
decisions concerning the end of life in The Netherlands
by Wal G van der
World News Flashes relating to v.e. are often found on
DeathNET. The efn.org
listserv is also a good way of keeping up to date.
- Scottish News is
posted on the Exit Magazine pages.
- North American news is provided by ERGO and Last Rights
- For other news sources, see our News Links.
Circuit Court of Appeals (US) Historic ruling on assisted
- Euthanasia when the incapacitated person is not in a
position to make his or her wishes known and has not made
them known in advance of becoming incapacitated.
- Nitschke, Philip
- First doctor to perform euthanasia under Australia's
Northern territory Rights of the Terminally Ill Bill
- Northern Territory
(Australia) Rights of the Terminally Ill Bill
Scotia Discussion Paper on Living Wills
attitudes and practices (H Kuhse and P Singer -
- various Oaths of Physicians - Hippoctratic, Geneva etc
- Ogden, Russel
- Author of a thesis that
featured interviews with assistants to suicide (and
failed suicides). The ensuing court case clarified
Canadian law on confidentiality. The case studies
involved men with AIDS and suggest a scenario where a
buddy provides the final, loving act of terminating
another's life, rather than it always being a doctor (as
suggested by the Dutch experience and most right-to-die
time news interview
Centre for Religious Tolerance on euthanasia and assisted
- Opinion polls
- USA State that enacted Measure
16 - a bill to allow assisted suicuide by way of
prescribing lethal drugs. The statute, passed by voters'
Initiative, was held up indefinitely by court injunction.
- Online documentation
- For anyone struggling with computer/internet stuff and
needing some basic links.
- Palliative Care
- Care that provides comfort and relief from pain, but does
not aim to cure the condition.
course from Monash University
Care Newsletter Index
Care responses to euthanasia requests"
Encyclical: On the Value and Inviolability of Human
- Suicide "gesture" or "cry for help."
A self-mutilating act which may or may not be motivated
by a genuine desire to die. It is common in young people
who are distressed but not mentally ill.
- Passive euthanasia
- Euthanasia without active intervention, relying on non-
treatment. The term might be useful as a concept but has
little practical application.
Self-Determination Act (US Legislation)
- Pere Lachaise Cemetery
- Persistent Vegetative State (PVS) - a very particular
kind of irreversible brain damage. Many notable
right-to-die cases (such as Anthony Bland, and Nancy
Cruzan) have involved PVS.
It is the cerebral cortex that is permanently out of
action, but because the brain stem is intact the patient
breathes on his own and can live for many years provided
that adequate nursing care and nutrition are provided.
The latter is either by nasogastric tube or one inserted
into the stomach through the abdominal wall
(gastrostomy). These patients have long periods with
their eyes open and have a range of reflex movements -
but no evidence of a working mind - i.e. no
psychologically meaningful responses to the environment.
It is believed that such a patient cannot suffer pain or
distress, because he is unaware. Although strictly
speaking a patient whose eyes are open is not in coma
such patients are sometimes described as in permanent
coma or permanently unconscious. - Prof. Bryan Jennett,
international expert on PVS, in Exit Newsletter Sept '92
- Philosophical approaches
Elizabeth Telfer on utilitarian & non-utilitarian
approaches to voluntary euthanasia.
- Press releases
- Persistent vegetative state (PVS)
- Non-terminal state characterised by irreversible brain
damage, and with brain metabolism equivalent to that in
deep surgical anaesthesia, yet breathing without
mechanical assistance; a sort of living death.
- Political links
John Paul II's letter to all the world's bishops on
combatting abortion and euthanasia
- term frequently applied to the voluntary euthanasia
- Project On
Death In America
- term frequently applied to the anti-euthanasia (and
- Prophylactic treatment
- Treatment used to prevent a disease developing, rather
than attempting to cure.
- The website's fast access pages.
- Quill, Timothy. Americam hospice doctor in seminal right
to die case. See Second Circuit.
- Quinlan, Karen
synopsis & analysis by James Racheels)
on funeral myths
- Quotations (mainstream medical
- Re C
- Religion: Some links.
- Re T
- Name of the case from which much English law on living
wills derives. It sets forth the conditions in common law
under which an advance directive must be followed. Ref:
Re T (Adult: Refusal of Treatment)  4 All ER 649,
(1992) 9 BMLR 46 (CA).
- Reed, Nicholas
- Rights & Duties / The "Right to Die"
- Popular utilitarianism and civil liberty movements tend
to argue in the language of "rights." This is
not the only course that the voluntary euthanasia
movement could take however: "duties" based
language is less confrontational, may protect people who
don't have the means of asserting their rights and, being
broad-based rather than individual-centred, may be a more
achievable way forward for society as a whole.
""Rights" language tends to get public
attention but also tends to polarise the issues; the
phrase ""a right to die" is difficult to
sustain and often has to be translated as "a right
to choose when to die" or a "right to choose
how to die."
- Rodriguez, Sue
- Roman Catholicism
on Euthanasia See also: Papal Encyclical, Pope John
Bishops speak out on euthanasia
- Organisation that will listen and offer moral and
non-judgmental support. Tel: 0345-909090 (UK, local
rates) or the number in your local telephone directory.
Samaritans are non-religious.
- Sanpedro, Ramon
- Scottish Exit
- Former name of the Voluntary Euthanasia Society of
Scotland. See: Name of Society.
- Scottish Law Commission
- Scottish Voluntary Euthanasia Society
- Same as the (Exit). The Scottish element of the name is
put at the beginning on all public communications etc
after repeated confusion with the English-based society
who call themselves simply "The Voluntary Euthanasia
Society" or "The Voluntary Euthanasia Society
(England Wales and Northern Ireland)." Exit is not,
in fact, a purely local organisation but has members all
over the UK and the rest of the world. It is not a branch
of the English society (with whom Exit nevertheless works
in close cooperation with on many occasions). Its
international membership is, proportionally, probably the
largest of any v.e. society in the world.
Circuit Court of Appeals (US) historic ruling on assisted
suicide (Quill v Vacco)
- Seguin, Marilynne
- Director of Dying With
Dignity - a Canadian v.e. society. A pioneer of a
gently, gently approach to solving problems in individual
cases of the right to die with dignity, using skills as a
negotiator, nurse, a knowledge of the law and of human
nature to relieve what seem to be impossible situations.
time news interview Part 1
time news interview Part 2
Special Committee on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide
- Slippery slope
- The slippery-slope argument says that once legalisation
were to be obtained, abuse would gradually landslide. In
spite of claims to the contrary, there is a lack of hard
evidence that this has happened in other countries.
Sociologists point out that the term is frequently
misused in the euthanasia debate.
- Smith, Cheryl
- Exit Researcher in Oregon USA. Contributed to Departing
Drugs, Beyond Final Exit and the Oregon Measure 16 Bill.
of Death & Dying - Prof. MC Kearl
- Lots of interesting links here
- Or see the Sociology
links from our hotlist.
- Sometimes a Small Victory -
research by Sheila McLean
- Spanish language documents
- The Official Brochure of the World Federation of Right to
Die Societies has a Spanish
- The Spanish v.e. Society also has a website. DMD Spain.
- Student enquiries
- Our main page for undergraduate
and graduate students provides quotations and extensive
references from mainstream medical and legal journals.
Please bear in mind that our resources, like yours, are
very limited. UK students may send a stamped addressed
envelope for an information sheet, or 5GBP for a
information pack if they provide details of the type of
course and objectives. Students of medical law,
especially in the UK, are advised to telephone the Exit
Office (0131-556-4404). Assistance on basic web browsing
techniques can be found on our browser
- Suicide clause
- Clause in some life insurance policies that disqualifies
beneficiaries in the event of suicide; it usually only
applies to the physically fit who have recently taken out
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Invaluable guide for counsellors
- Suicide Prevention -
Suicide Information & Education Centre (SIEC)
- Supreme Court of USA slams assisted
- Symbols - explanation of
button bars on Exit Web Pages
- Euthanasia ChitChat (UseNet Group)
- Tassano, Fabian
Death & Autonomy - Why Death Should Not Be Controlled
by the Doctors
- Tutor, tutor dative.
- Formal way of nominating a person to speak on your behalf
should you become incapacitated whilst resident in
Scotland. The person thus nominated can be granted legal
authority by the courts to enforce your health care
wishes, up to the limits of the law - this has not been
tested in the courts however with regards to refusal of
life-sustaining treatment. Exit no longer recommends it
as a reliable method of attempting to enforce a
- Usenet Groups -
- Discussion group (unmoderated)
vs Quill Sp.Ct. Ruling
- Values history
- Similar to a living will, but concentrating on underlying
values rather than refusals of specific medical
- Living Will and Values History
- Selling a life policy to use the benefits for your own
- Example homepage: "Viaticus"
- Viatical Settlement Company
- Voluntary euthanasia
- Euthanasia; the word voluntary emphasises the express
intent of the person wanting to die, and distinguishes it
from mercy killing or any other form of killing.
- Carrying wallet for living will. Supplied as part of the
Exit living will pack.
- Withholding and Withdrawal of Life-sustaining Treatment
and Moral Questions
- World Federation of Right to Die
- Member societies advocate passive or active euthanasia or
- World Health
Medical Association International Code of Medical Ethics
Copyright © 1995 Chris Docker.